1.4 — The Ricardian View of Trade: Formal One-Factor Model — Practice Problems
Suppose the following facts to set up:
- Home has 100 Laborers
- Requires 5 workers to make 1wheat
- Requires 10 workers to make 1 car
- Foreign has 200 Laborers
- Requires 2 workers to make 1 wheat
- Requires 8 workers to make 1 car
Plot wheat (w) on the horizontal axis and cars (c) on the vertical axis.
Write the equation of each country’s production possibilities frontier (PPF).
Graph each country’s PPF.
Which country has an absolute advantange in producing each good? Why?
Find each country’s opportunity cost of producing each good.
Which country has a comparative advantage in producing each good? Why?
Which country should specialize in producing which good?
What will the range of possible terms of trade be?